Good Tips on How to Grow Fruit Trees

Good Tips on How to Grow Fruit Trees
by Dorothy Pooh

This fruit is propagated by what is called the tip method. About the third week of August choose one or two strong young canes and bury the tip 4 inches deep in the soil at some convenient point near the plant without severing it in any way. The result will be that this tip will send out vigorous roots while drawing a certain amount of reinforcement from the main plant. In three or four weeks’ time a young growth will have pushed its nose out of the soil to the right or to the left, and the roots will have developed so strongly that you will not find it easy to pull the plant out.

Normally raspberries are raised from suckers which come either from the bottom of the original stems or from adventitious buds which are readily produced on the roots. Those who go in for raising raspberries for sale invariably have special nursery beds two miles or more away from any fruiting canes.

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It is possible to encourage root formation by making a hole 5 inches deep and by putting in the bottom of this an inch layer of sedge peat and above this layer fine soil and sedge peat mixed in equal parts. The tip is then buried in the centre of the hole, and the soil is pressed down firmly. Some gardeners make up a John Innes Compost, put it into a 3- inch paper pot, bury this pot in the ground, inserting the shoot into the centre of the compost in the pot, and thus producing what may be called a pot plant.

Leave the cuttings in position until the following autumn, and by then they should have rooted well and new branches should have been made. In fact, under ideal conditions each cutting may have produced branches 2-21 feet long. It helps to this end if sedge peat is used as a mulch, on either side of the rows, to the depth of an inch. Poor results invariably occur owing to shortage of moisture, and mulchings ensure good results. In very dry weather it may be necessary to water copiously during the summer, while in May the author has known it advisable to shade the cuttings with hessian or sacking.

Blackcurrants perhaps are easier to propagate than any other soft fruit. The cuttings should be taken immediately after leaf fall, the idea being to choose the well-ripened shoots of the current year’s growth. Each cutting should be 9 or 10 inches long and should be prepared by making a cut with the sharp blade of a knife just above a bud at the top and just below a bud at the bottom.

After a year suckers will start to be produced around the original cane that has been planted and some of these may be cut off in the late autumn, together with their roots, for planting out in a new row.

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