4 Popular Farm Fencing Styles

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Rustic fencing (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Farm Fencing is a necessity which protects, contains, and allows movement for your livestock. It's a necessary tool to help with the grazing of your livestock, and it also raises your property value.

There are several types of farm fencing to meet your needs as well as a number of criteria you need to meet in order to select the most suitable fencing: costs (maintenance, labor, supplies, etc.), livestock, and more.

1. Barbed wire is a traditional farm fencing material.

A barbed wire fence consists of 4 strands of barbed wire stretched across posts 16 feet apart. The barbed wire is stapled to each post, and the bottom wire is about 12 inches from the ground with each wire above spaces 10-12 inches.

Barbed wire is usually used when you need to keep animals away from your livestock. This type of farm fencing is hard to handle because of the barbs and it's prone to permanent damage - including sagging and failure - because it's stapled on posts.

Fence Line

Fence Line (Photo credit: dbnunley)

2. Rail fencing is another traditional fence with a number of styles.

This farm fencing requires a number of rails, and construction can be time-consuming.

The rail fence is aesthetically appealing, durable, and withstands heavy snowfall. It will not deter predators.

3. Another type of farm fencing – suspension fencing.

This comes in three varieties: high tension, barbed wire, and smooth wire, and barbed wire. Suspension fencing works very well for large livestock, but won't keep smaller animals contained.

Barbed wire suspension fencing is very effective in controlling many types of livestock, including cattle. This type of farm fencing is dangerous for both the builder and the animals.

Smooth wire suspension fencing is a fence of five or more strong smooth wires. This type of fence is used often in urban areas where electric fence isn't suitable.

Smooth wire farm fencing is very strong and is much easier to install than barbed wire.

English: Bogrie Hill A formidable new fence to...

Electric fence. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

4. Another popular type of farm fencing is electric fencing.

This fencing can be either a permanent or non-permanent feature, and can extend the life of a rail or page wire fence.

The high cost and labor involved with installing and maintaining traditional fences has made electric fencing more popular. Electric fences have psychological barriers as opposed to physical barriers.

The success of this farm fencing depends on the livestock being trained with the fence. You will need to place a charged wire in the barnyard fence to let the animals learn about the fencing before putting the animals out to pasture.

Electric farm fencing works by using a power source, either hydro or battery, to provide a shock when touched. Wire carries the current along the fence and the ground completes the circuit.

An electric fence with no vegetation touching it requires very little power to maintain voltage. However, every plant that touches the fence will drain power from it, requiring more energy to sustain the voltage.

Final Thoughts

Using the information above, you should be able to make a preliminary decision on your farm fencing needs.

Whether you're going to use barbed wire, suspension fencing, electric fencing, or rail fencing, you'll have a safe, contained place for your livestock to graze and grow.

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