Alternative Water Type Pipes

by Joe Joseph

Transmission lines are the pipes that the water from the source to the storage system. Transmission lines are the largest, thickest pipes in the system. When planning a water system, try to keep the treatment and storage tanks close to the water source to reduce the cost transmission lines.

Distribution Pipes transport the water to the end user. To protect the water from contamination, the potable water pipe should be a minimum 10 feet from sewer pipes and in separate trenches. The minimum diameter is two inches but lines which service fire hydrants must be at least six inches.

Iron pipe was a -cost alternative to copper, before the advent plastic materials suitable pr portable water. Special non-conductive fittings must be to join them with other metallic pipes, except for terminal fittings, in order to avoid corrosion owing to electrochemical reactions between dissimilar metals

Wooden pipes were often in Montreal and Boston in the 1800s. The pipes were hollowed-out logs, which were tapered at the end with a small hole in which the water would pass through. The multiple pipes were then sealed together with hot animal fat.

Lead Pipe’s where a favorite materials for centuries due to the malleability. For years this was a source lead related health problems including still births and high rates of infant mortality. They remain in many households.

PEX is a cross-linked polyethylene. The material is more durable under chemical exposure, extreme temperature changes, and better resists creep deformation, therfore PEX is an excellent material for hot water and other applications.

Copper Pipe is widely for potable water plumbing because their corrosion resistance and safety. Plumbers experienced in Copper Pipe installation and repair are common. They are easy to work with because of it’s malleability and fittings are easily soldered. Copper pipe has sometimes failed due to pinhole leaks a company called CuraFlo has made exceptional strides in rehabilitating copper pipe.

Galvanized The galvanizing process is done by the application of molten zinc to pre-formed steel pipes to provide a corrosion resistant coating. Galvanized pipes will corrode over time. Many galvanized pipes in old buildings were manufactured using zinc that probably contained high levels of lead, which is a common impurity in the zinc. Galvanized pipes can still be found in many older homes and many commercial buildings.

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