The fruits of Capsicum species have a relatively low volatile-oil content which has been reported to range from about 0.1 to 2.6 per cent in paprika and similar large forms of C. annuutn (Winton and Winton, 1939; Gerhardt, 1968; Szabo, 1970). The initial volatile-oil content of the freshly picked fruit is dependent largely upon the species and cul- tivar grown and the stage of maturity at harvest.
However, the later study of Korean capsicums by Lee (1971) has suggested that the situation is more complex, and that the relative abundance of pungent material in the dissepiments and pericarp can differ among cultivars and also according to the stage of maturity at harvest.
The numerous varieties of Capsicum species traded in the dried form are grown in many areas and differ considerably in the size, shape and pungency of the fruit; and have been ascribed various botanical classifications and vernacular names.
A small prostrate yew, Taxus baccata horizontalis, performs a similar function under a solitary Field Maple on the lane border in this garden. Strange that it took a friendly visitor’s appreciation to draw my attention to the service the native Blaeberry, Vaccinium myrtillus, gives as sub-scrub in the woodland.
The most deadly poisonous fungi are two types of Death Cap called Amanita phalloides and its albino form A. phalloides ssp. verna. Their caps are white or various shades of green, their cuticle does not usually exhibit any remnants of a veil whilst , their stipe, which widens at the base, is encased in a tall, membranous, white volva.